The “problem” is that the digital outputs of the MAXI are High-Side switches. So, they are like a normal switch … they will switch the supply voltage to the output when “HIGH” … and they are “OFF” or disconnected when “LOW”.
If you have a LED stripe like yours with common 24V … you need a switch that pulls to GND.
1) You can switch to the CONTROLLINO MEGA … it has 12 Half-Bridges (they will switch to “GND” when “LOW”.
2) You can buy another LED strip with common Ground.
3) If you only want to switch ON-OFF the LED Strip … you can use the Relays.